A European internal energy market is created
The resolutions adopted by the European Council in October 2014 were important in setting a new strategic direction. For example, the share of renewable energies (RE) in the consumption of energy is to be increased to, at least, 27% per annum by 2030.
In view of the diverging energy-policy aims of the member states and of the traditionally very diverse energy carrier mix, this is proving to be an ambitious target. However, at the same time, this creates significant dynamics and ensures completely new market opportunities. In this context, the fast development of a joint European market design is important.
Unfortunately, the energy turnaround has not been promoted with the same intensity at all levels throughout the EU. Essentially, the focus, so far, has been on the quick expansion of renewable energy plants, while the grid expansion and the integration of the new plants into the pan-European energy market were neglected. This now has an adverse effect since the renewable energy plants put a strain on government budgets as well as the normal power price for consumers as a result of various non-market-oriented funding mechanisms. On the other hand, the high feed-in fluctuation jeopardises grid stability. At present, however, we observe a change in attitude on the part of the main stakeholders.
Virtual power plants are an important component of the European energy turnaround
VPPs have a central role in designing the European energy turnaround. The basic concept is the targeted interaction of the increasingly fragmented, decentralised technical units in order to jointly exploit market opportunities. This is represented in control logics. VPPs e.g. help to permanently and systematically balance imbalances, such as grid problems resulting from fluctuations and overloads, also in the framework of control power.
The increasing border-crossing marketing integration in the market sector is important, so that e.g. the increasing share of fluctuating generation does not jeopardise the national or even transnational grid stability. In the field of the provision of control energy, border-crossing market coupling systems are already in place between Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the Netherlands. In March 2016, the demanded market volume was 783 MW. In the provision and supply of control energy, in particular, the respective transmission system operators are ensuring high technical safety requirements.