Generation technologies

The short texts from the home page provide a snapshot of the current situation as to renewable energies and their networking across national borders. The specific structure of the different generation technologies depends on the respective national conditions. For example, hydroelectric power is traditionally important in the Alps, while wind power is significant in the countries along the North Sea and Baltic coasts.

Solar plants
At present, photovoltaics cover approximately 3.5% of the entire power requirement in Europe and around 6% of the load requirement during peak times.

Wind power
In 2014, 134 GW were installed in Europe. More than 25% of this being provided by wind power plants in Germany, Spain and the UK.

Hydroelectric power
The traditional renewable energy source is hydroelectric power, with a share of approximately 35% in the mix of regenerative energies in Europe.

Biogas
By 2020, biogas plants installed in Europe will provide up to 8.6 GW with Italy and Poland as the main growth countries.

Cogeneration of heat and electricity
Thousands of cogeneration plants are the decentralised drivers of the energy turnaround. They reliably generate heat and power.

Landfill gas
In Germany, a power generation capacity of 250 MW using landfill gas is installed. 1 m³ has the same calorific value as ½ litre of heating oil.

Biomass
50% of the pellet fuel produced in Germany is burned in Dutch and Belgian power plants.