The virtual power plant
The virtual power plant (VPP) is defined as the aggregation of the output of decentralised power generation units. This can include photovoltaic systems, wind power systems, biogas plants, hydroelectric power plants, sewage treatment plants or also communal heating/power stations (CHP). In this case “virtual” means: Thousands of decentralised generation plants are bundled via a software solution and control room; they are controlled in a demand-oriented manner and their output is provided to the markets accordingly. For this reason, they are also referred to as combined or aggregation power plants.
VPP constitute a critical infrastructure (KRITIS). In Germany, for example, the operators of VPP are subject to special supervision in the framework of the KRITIS implementation plan of the German Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance and of the Federal Office for Information Security. The implementation of the IT security catalogue must be proven by means of an ISO-27001 certificate by 31st January 2018. e2m has already fulfilled these requirements since the autumn of 2015.